Experiment Once predictions are made, they can be sought by experiments. Briefly state your general approach or methods e. Journal of Documentation, 39 4 A plank with linen-fold carving has no usefulness, however skilfully it is carved.
If the predictions are not accessible by observation or experience, the hypothesis is not yet testable and so will remain to that extent unscientific in a strict sense. Remember that the judges will have a limited amount of time to examine your work, skim your documentation, and ask you questions.
The method of tenacity policy of sticking to initial belief — which brings comforts and decisiveness but leads to trying to ignore contrary information and others' views as if truth were intrinsically private, not public. The better an explanation is at making predictions, the more useful it frequently can be, and the more likely it will continue to explain a body of evidence better than its alternatives.
This is a brief, all encompassing section summarizing what you discuss in the rest of the paper, and should be written last, after you know what you have said.
Finally, most individual experiments address highly specific topics for reasons of practicality. Ideally, the prediction must also distinguish the hypothesis from likely alternatives; if two hypotheses make the same prediction, observing the prediction to be correct is not evidence for either one over the other.
If the test results contradict the predictions, the hypotheses which entailed them are called into question and become less tenable. In the text of this section describe your results do not list actual numbers, but point out trends or important features.
The history of science is filled with stories of scientists claiming a "flash of inspiration", or a hunch, which then motivated them to look for evidence to support or refute their idea. New theories are sometimes developed after realizing certain terms have not previously been sufficiently clearly defined.
Nonetheless, the cycle of formulating hypotheses, testing and analyzing the results, and formulating new hypotheses, will resemble the cycle described below. Reprinted in Historical Studies in Information Science, eds. The scientific definition of a term sometimes differs substantially from its natural language usage.
The historical background to documentation. For example, Clinton et al. Scientific Communication Via Notebook Documentation The use of lab notebooks for scientific documentation is a ubiquitous part of physics research.
These records, documented in physics labs all around the world, constitute the foundational information for essentially all the published experiment results found in physics journals. SCIENTIFIC ALGORITHM DOCUMENTATION STANDARD. Prepared by: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
especially as research projects are passed from one scientist to another. Scientific Documentation Standard Sections Purpose of this Document. Document History. DOCUMENTATION -- THE ORGANIZATION OF SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION FOR RETRIEVAL.
ACS Continuation Course presented. The peer review process can have limitations when considering research outside the conventional scientific paradigm: problems of "groupthink" can interfere with open and fair deliberation of some new research. Documentation and replication.
Sometimes experimenters may make.
Scientific documentation. The book ORYZA modeling lowland rice documents the ecophysiological crop model ORYZA to simulate the growth, development, and water balance of lowland rice. Advanced Applications of ORYZA 3 in Rice Research ORYZA Training Program for Basic Applications Scientific documentation.
Aktis, a quaterly science newletter Aktis is a multimedia quaterly science newsletter, available by HTML mail, smartphone email, in PDF and plain text format that focuses on IRSN's latest research news and results, with the aim of making the Institute's research better-known among the French and global scientific.Scientific documentation in research